Nepal Company Act
November 16, 2023 By Pjay Shrestha

The Future of Business in Nepal: Navigating the New Company Act


As Nepal continues to reform its business environment, Australian businesses and investors are keenly observing the implications of the new Nepal Company Act. This article provides a comprehensive analysis of the key changes in the Act and their potential impact on the business landscape.

Overview of the Nepal Company Act

The Nepal Company Act, initially established in 2006 (2063 BS), has undergone significant revisions to adapt to the evolving economic landscape. The latest amendment, effective from May 2, 2017, introduces various changes aimed at simplifying business processes, encouraging foreign investment, and enhancing corporate governance.

Key Changes and Their Implications

  1. Simplified Share Issuance: The amendment relaxes provisions related to issuing shares at a premium, removing the need for Office of Company Registrar (OCR) approval. This simplification benefits private and unlisted companies, making equity investments more accessible and reducing bureaucratic delays​.

  2. Telecommunication Sector Reforms: Telecommunication service providers with a paid-up capital exceeding NPR 50 Million must now register as public limited companies. This change aims to increase transparency and regulatory compliance in this vital sector.

  3. Investment Companies Exemption: Investment companies are now exempt from the investment ceiling, enabling them to make more substantial investments. This change is particularly beneficial for foreign private equity funds and investors using Nepal as an investment vehicle​.

  4. No Mandatory Conversion for Private Companies: The amendment removes the requirement for mandatory conversion of private companies under specific shareholding conditions, providing more flexibility in company ownership and structure​.

  5. Streamlining De-registration of Defunct Companies: A grace period is introduced for de-registering defunct or defaulting companies, simplifying the process and reducing potential financial burdens.

  6. Increased Shareholder Limit in Private Companies: Private companies can now have up to 101 shareholders, providing greater flexibility in raising capital and accommodating a larger number of investors.

  7. Protection of Corporate Name/Brand: The amendment enhances protection against registration of companies with names similar to existing trademarks, safeguarding corporate identity and brand value.

  8. Statutory Recognition to Online Systems: Legal basis for online filing of documents with OCR is established, enhancing the efficiency of the registration process and compliance reporting​.

  9. Reduced Registration Timeline: The statutory timeline for the registration of companies is reduced, with the OCR now required to register a company within 7 days of application, making the process faster and more efficient​.

  10. Branch Offices for OCR Services: The establishment of OCR branch offices is now allowed, which is likely to simplify business registration and compliance processes​.

  11. Compliance with Anti-Money Laundering Laws: The amendment mandates compliance with anti-money laundering laws, ensuring financial integrity and preventing illicit financial activities​.


The Nepal Company Act's amendments mark a significant shift in Nepal’s approach to business regulation, making it more attractive to foreign investors, including those from Australia. These changes are expected to catalyse growth, increase transparency, and enhance the ease of doing business in Nepal. Australian businesses looking to expand into Nepal will find a more welcoming and streamlined environment, ripe with opportunities for growth and collaboration.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and shall not be construed as legal advice, advertisement, personal communication, solicitation or inducement of any sort from the firm or any of its members. The firm shall not be liable for consequences arising out of any action undertaken by any person relying on the information provided herein.

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