Nepal Company Act
November 18, 2023 By Pjay Shrestha

Top Tips for Smooth Company Registration in Nepal


Embarking on a business venture in Nepal requires navigating the nuances of company registration, a process overseen by the Office of Company Registrar (OCR). This article aims to simplify this journey, offering insights for a hassle-free registration experience.

Understanding the Framework

The Companies Act of 2006 is the cornerstone of business incorporation in Nepal. It's essential to familiarise yourself with its provisions to ensure compliance. The OCR is the key authority managing registrations, offering guidance and resources for entrepreneurs​.

Choosing Your Business Type

The decision on the type of company to establish is critical. Options include:

  • Limited Liability Company (LLC): Suitable for medium to large-scale enterprises, offering limited liability protection. It requires a minimum capital of one lakh and can have up to 101 shareholders.
  • Public Limited Company (PLC): This format is open to public investment, requiring a higher capital of one crore and at least 7 shareholders.
  • Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs): These entities cater to social causes and require at least 5 shareholders, with no capital prerequisites​.

Pre-Registration Essentials

  • Unique Name: Your company name should be distinctive and not resemble any existing entity. A unique name avoids legal issues and establishes your brand identity​.

Registration Process

Follow these steps for a smooth registration:

  1. Document Submission: Post name approval, submit the Memorandum of Association, Articles of Association, owner's citizenship details, and other relevant documents to the OCR.
  2. Document Review: OCR officials will examine your submissions for accuracy and completeness.
  3. Fee Payment: The registration fee varies based on company type and capital.
  4. Incorporation Certificate: This certificate is your ticket to legally conducting business​.

Required Documentation

Prepare the following documents:

  • National ID or passport of the owners.
  • Citizenship certificates.
  • Passport-sized photos.
  • Proof of business address.
  • Details on the company's objectives and capital structure​.

Post-Registration Steps

After receiving the COI, consider:

  • PAN Card: Essential for tax purposes.
  • VAT and PAN Registration: Required for tax-paying businesses. The process includes an online application and submission of various documents​.

Setting Up a Bank Account

A business bank account is vital for financial transactions. Requirements include application forms, MOA, AOA, and proof of office location​.

Capital Requirements

Investment thresholds vary:

  • Public Company: NPR 1 Crore.
  • Private Company: NPR 1 Lakh.
  • NGOs: No capital required​.

Benefits of Registration

Registered businesses in Nepal enjoy legal protection, eligibility for government contracts, and easier access to banking facilities and loans​.

Overcoming Challenges

Common hurdles include document acquisition, lengthy processes, and bureaucratic delays. Patience and thorough preparation can mitigate these issues​.


The journey to register a company in Nepal is intricate but rewarding. This guide offers a roadmap, covering types of companies, registration steps, documentation, and post-registration activities. Remember, a well-planned approach can simplify this complex process​.


Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and shall not be construed as legal advice, advertisement, personal communication, solicitation or inducement of any sort from the firm or any of its members. The firm shall not be liable for consequences arising out of any action undertaken by any person relying on the information provided herein.

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